Sun Protection and How We Approach it

Sun Protection

Australia has the highest incidence of skin cancer in the world. Of all new incidents of cancer diagnosed in Australia each year, 80 per cent are skin cancers. It has been reported that Australia has one of the highest rates of skin cancer in the world. In 2013, more than 2,200 Australians died from this almost entirely preventable disease (retrieved from

Ultra Violet radiation is not part of the visible spectrum of light, nor is it thermal radiation – unlike sunlight, it cannot be seen, nor can it be felt like the sun’s warmth. As our senses cannot detect UV, overexposure may be damaging our skin and eyes without our knowledge.

Australia experiences some of the highest levels of UV radiation in the world because we are close to the equator and have many clear, blue-sky days. The Earth’s orbit also brings countries in the southern hemisphere (Australia included) closer to the sun in summertime than countries in the northern hemisphere during summer.

Sun protection is required when the UV index reaches 3 or above. Given that children in childcare attend during peak ultraviolet radiation (UVR) times and that they spend much of their day outdoors, childcare has a major role in minimising children’s UVR exposure. Further, childcare provides the ideal opportunity to instill in children long-term positive SunSmart habits.

The good news is there is always a simple and effective way to reduce your risk of developing skin cancer. At the early chilhood education/schools, strategies and compliant practices have been established to ensure the children are always following the safe and smart ways.

Goals – What are we going to do?

A balance of Ultraviolet Radiation (UV) exposure is important for health. Too much  of the sun’s UV can cause sunburn, skin and eye damage and skin cancer in later  life. Too little UV from the sun can lead to low Vitamin D levels. Vitamin D is essential for healthy  bones and muscles and for general health Sunsmart 2015.

Strategies – How will it be done?

Outdoor Activity

The service  will use a combination of sun protection measures whenever

UV Index levels reach 3 and above. This will include:

  • From October to March sun protection is required at all Extra sun protection is needed between 11am and 3pm and during this period outdoor activities should  be minimised. Minimising outdoor activities includes reducing both the number of times  (frequency) and the length  of time (duration) children are outside.
  • From April to September (excluding June and July) outdoor  activity can take place  at any However, from 10am–2pm sun protection is required
  • In June and July when the UV index is mostly below 3, sun protection is not requir Extra care  is needed for services in the far west and north  of NSW and for all children who have very fair skin.

All sun protection measures (including recommended outdoor  times, shade, hat, clothing and sunscreen) will be considered when planning excursions and activities.


  • All outdoor activities will be planned to occur  in shaded ar
  • The program will be set up in the shade and moved throughout the day to take advantage of shade patterns.

(Data & Information Gathered from various resources)

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